Tag Archives: Health care provider

World Health Organization (WHO) World Antibiotic Awareness Week November 16-22





The first World Antibiotic Awareness Week will be held from 16 to 22 November 2015. The campaign aims to increase awareness of global antibiotic resistance and to encourage best practices among the general public, health workers and policy makers to avoid the further emergence and spread of antibiotic resistance.

C. diff. Survivors Share Their Journey Through a C. diff. Infection (CDI) On C diff Spores and More, C diff Radio

What’s new in the C Diff Foundation?

Let us introduce you to the first internet radio talk show dedicated to C. diff. and more……

C. diff. Spores and More”


UPCOMING SHOW:  Tuesday, May 12th: 

C diff survivors share their unique journey through a C diff infection and how it changed their lives forever

According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) report published in
February 2015, almost 500,000 C.diff. infections occurred in the U.S. in 2011, with 83,000 recurrences.

Join our guests – all  C. diff. survivor’s – who have been touched by this horrific
and life changing infection.

Heather Clark, Veronica Edmond, Renetta Dudzinski, and Lisa Hurka Covington bravely share their unique journey through a C. diff. infection that forever changed their lives.



…… we strongly recommend having a box of tissues nearby ………..


Listen in live at:     11a Pacific, 12p Mountain, 1p Central, 2p Eastern time

We are so excited to share  C. diff. Spores and More” with you because, as advocates of C. diff., we are very excited about what this cutting-edge new weekly radio show means for our Foundation’s community worldwide.

Fact: Deaths and illnesses are much higher than reports have shown. Nearly half a million Americans suffered from Clostridium difficile (C. diff.) infections in a single year according to a study released today, February 25, 2015, by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC).

• More than 100,000 of these infections developed among residents of U.S. nursing homes.

Approximately 29,000 patients died within 30 days of the initial diagnosis of a C. diff. infection. Of these 29,000 – 15,000 deaths were estimated to be directly related to a
C. diff. infection. Therefore; C. diff. is an important cause of infectious disease death in the U.S.
Previous studies indicate that C. diff. has become the most common microbial cause of Healthcare-Associated Infections found in U.S. hospitals driving up costs to $4.8 billion each year in excess health care costs in acute care facilities alone. Approximately
two-thirds of C. diff. infections were found to be associated with an inpatient stay in a health care facility, only 24% of the total cases occurred in patients while they were hospitalized. The study also revealed that almost as many cases occurred in nursing homes as in hospitals and the remainder of individuals acquired the Healthcare-Associated infection, C. diff., recently discharged from a health care facility.

This new study finds that 1 out of every 5 patients with the Healthcare-Associated Infection (HAI), C. diff., experience a recurrence of the infection

Older Americans are quite vulnerable to this life-threatening diarrhea infection. The CDC study also found that women and Caucasian individuals are at an increased risk of acquiring a C. diff. infection. The CDC Director, Dr. Tom Frieden, MD, MPH said, “C. difficile infections cause immense suffering and death for thousands of Americans each year.” “These infections can be prevented by improving antibiotic prescribing and by improving infection control in the health care system. CDC hopes to ramp up prevention of this deadly infection by supporting State Antibiotic Resistance Prevention Programs in all 50 states.”

“This does not include the number of C. diff. infections taking place and being treated in other countries.”  “The  CDF supports hundreds of communities by sharing the CDF mission and    raising C. diff. awareness to healthcare professionals, individuals, patients, families,  and communities working towards a shared goal ~  witnessing a reduction of newly diagnosed            C. diff. cases by 2020 .”   ” The CDF Volunteers are greatly appreciated as they create positive changes sharing their time so generously worldwide aiding in the success of our mission and raising C. diff. awareness.”

C. diff. Spores and More” spotlights world renown topic experts, research scientists, healthcare professionals, organization representatives, C. diff. survivors, board members, and their volunteers who are all creating positive changes in the C. diff. community and more.

Through these interviews, the CDF mission will connect, educate, and empower many in over 180 countries.

Questions received through the show page portal will be reviewed and addressed  by the show’s Medical Correspondent, Dr. Fred Zar, MD, FACP,  Dr. Fred Zar is a Professor of Clinical Medicine, Vice Head for Education in the Department of Medicine, and Program Director of the Internal Medicine Residency at the University of Illinois at Chicago.  Over the last two decades he has been a pioneer in the study of the treatment of Clostridium difficile disease and the need to stratify patients by disease severity.


Please join us Tuesdays in listening to the educational episodes of C. diff. Spores and More”

View the programs and radio information and access previous episodes available as a podcast by clicking on the link below:



Take our show on the go…………..download a mobile app today


C. diff. Infection (CDI) and Sepsis

What is Sepsis?

Sepsis is a potentially life-threatening complication of an infection. Sepsis occurs when chemicals released into the bloodstream to fight the infection trigger inflammatory responses throughout the body. This inflammation can trigger a cascade of changes that can damage multiple organ systems, causing them to fail.  If sepsis progresses to septic shock, blood pressure drops dramatically, which may lead to death.

Anyone can develop sepsis, but it’s most common and most dangerous in older adults or those with weakened immune systems. Early treatment of sepsis, usually with antibiotics and large amounts of intravenous fluids, improves chances for survival.

Definition of Sepsis:  sep•sis (ˈsep-səs) n. Sometimes called blood poisoning, sepsis is the body’s often deadly response to infection.

Patients are given a diagnosis of sepsis when they develop clinical signs of infections or systemic inflammation; sepsis is not diagnosed based on the location of the infection or by the name of the causative micro-organism. Physicians draw from a list of signs and symptoms in order to make a diagnosis of sepsis, including abnormalities of body temperature, heart rate, respiratory rate, and white blood cell count. Sepsis may be diagnosed in a 72-year-old man with pneumonia,, fever, and a high white blood cell count, and in a 3-month-old with appendicitis, low body temperature, and a low white blood cell count.

What causes Sepsis?

Sepsis is a response to an infection. When you get an infection, your immune system releases chemicals into your blood to fight the infection. The chemicals sometimes cause body-wide inflammation, which can lead to blood clots and leaky blood vessels. This impairs blood flow, which damages the body’s organs by depriving them of nutrients and oxygen.

Different types of infections can lead to sepsis, including infections of the skin, lungs, urinary tract, abdomen (such as appendicitis), or other part of the body. Healthcare-associated infections (HAI’s), including pneumonia, central line-associated bloodstream infections, catheter-associated urinary tract infections, and surgical site infections can sometimes lead to sepsis. MRSA infections of the skin and soft tissue can also lead to sepsis.

 TO DOWNLOAD A “SEPSIS AND C. difficile” Information guide, courtesy of Sepsis Alliance, CLICK ON THE FOLLOWING LINK:



Who gets Sepsis?

Anyone can get sepsis, but the risk is higher in:

  • people with weakened immune systems
  • infants and children
  • elderly people
  • people with chronic illnesses, such as diabetes, AIDS, cancer, and kidney or liver disease
  • people suffering from a severe burn or physical trauma

How many people are diagnosed with Sepsis?

According to the CDC’s National Center for Health Statistics estimates that, based upon information collected for billing purposes, the number of times people were in the hospital with sepsis or septicemia (another word for sepsis) increased from 621,000 in the year 2000 to 1,141,000 in 2008.1  Between 28 and 50 percent of people who get sepsis die.2

The number of cases of sepsis each year has been going up in the United States.  This could be because of the following reasons:   the population is aging, people have more chronic illnesses, people are getting more invasive procedures, immunosuppressive drugs, chemotherapy, and organ transplants;  increasing antibiotic resistance,  increasing awareness and tracking of sepsis


For Healthcare Professionals: Use this optional tool to screen patients for severe sepsis in the emergency department, on the medical/surgical floors, or in the ICU http://survivingsepsis.org/SiteCollectionDocuments/ScreeningTool.pdf


Recommendations: Special Considerations in Pediatrics*




4. Clostridium difficile colitis should be treated with enteral antibiotics if tolerated. Oral
vancomycin is preferred for severe disease (grade1A).
Sepsis Pocket Card for Healthcare Professionals:
Surviving Sepsis Campaign Bundle
Initial Resuscitation Bundle
To Be Completed in 3 hours:
1)Measure lactate level
2)Obtain cultures prior to administration of antibiotics
3)Administer broad spectrum antibiotics
4)Administer 30ml/kg crystalloid for hypotension or lactate greater
than or equal to 4mmol/kg
Septic Shock Bundle
To be Completed Within 6 Hours:
1)Apply vasopressors (for hypotension that does not respond to
initial fluid resuscitation) to maintain a mean arterial pressure
(MAP) greater than or equal to 65mmHg
2)In the event of persistent arterial hypotension despite volume
resuscitation (septic shock) or initial lactate greater than or equal
to 4mmol/L
a.Measure central venous pressure (CVP)*
b.Measure central venous oxygen saturation (ScvO2)*
3)Remeasure lactate if initial lactate was elevated*
*Targets for quantitative resuscitation included in the guidelines are CVP
greater than or equal to 8mmHg, ScvO2 greater than or equal to 70% and
normalization of lactate
> To print a pocket card please access the following link
*International guidelines for management
of severe sepsis and septic shock: 2012.Crit Care Med. 2013; 41:580
1. NCHS Data Brief No. 62 June 2011 – Inpatient Care for Septicemia or Sepsis: A Challenge for Patients and Hospitals 2. Wood KA, Angus DC. Pharmacoeconomic implications of new therapies in sepsis. PharmacoEconomics. 2004;22(14):895-906
* Sepsis Alliance  http://www.sepsisalliance.org

Giving Thanks And Happy New Year


2014 is just a few days away and from all of us to all of yours we send our best wishes for a happy, healthy, and successful 2014!


As the New Year approaches, our thoughts turn gratefully to those who have made our progress and the progress of our community possible. And in this spirit we say, simply but sincerely thank you.


Thank you for everything big and small you do to help make the C Diff Foundation a better resource in the lives of others, a rewarding organization to work with and for raising C. diff. awareness to the millions of families and friends worldwide.


We are a giving Foundation and a lot of that giving is facilitated through each of you.  Giving makes a difference and there are so many different ways to give.  Whether it is through presentations at a conference,  joining the Foundation’s volunteer program, or donating time in November for the “Raising C Diff Awareness” campaign in communities across the globe the partnered efforts and contributions are greatly appreciated. Through the many facets of giving and charitable support, the Foundation’s mission continues to move forward in educating, and advocating for C. diff. prevention, treatments, and environmental safety worldwide.


We look forward to seeing you in 2014 and please let us know how we can help you!


Thank you and Happy New Year.