Tag Archives: Gut flora

Probiotics; Beneficial Forms of Gut Bacteria Found In Food

Benefits of Probiotics


What is a Probiotic?

Probiotics are beneficial forms of gut bacteria that help stimulate the natural digestive juices and enzymes that keep our digestive organs functioning properly. In addition to taking a  probiotic supplement, individuals can also eat probiotic foods that are a host to these live bacterium.

After being treated for a C. difficile infection there are some foods one needs to avoid. However, there are many foods that are beneficial for people recovering from C. difficile infection. There are foods that introduce friendly bacteria and they are called probiotics which repopulate the gut with good bacteria.

A recent study found that the probiotic foods that are effective in reducing diarrhea need to consist of the live cultures L.casei, L.bulgaricus, and S.thermophilus.

Natural Probiotic bacteria can be found in fermented foods such as;  Sauerkraut which is not only extremely rich in healthy live cultures, but might also helps with reducing allergy symptoms. Sauerkraut also contains vitamins B, A, E and C.

Tempeh (fermented soybean) A great substitute for meat or tofu, tempeh is a fermented, probiotic-rich grain made from soy beans. A great source of vitamin B12, this vegetarian food can be sauteed, baked or eaten crumbled on salads. Tempeh is also very low in salt, which makes it an ideal choice for those on a low-sodium diet.

Miso (fermented soybean paste) is one the main-stays of traditional Japanese medicine and is commonly used in macrobiotic cooking as a digestive regulator. Made from fermented rye, beans, rice or barley, adding a tablespoon of miso to some hot water makes an excellent, quick, probiotic-rich soup, full of live lactobacilli and bifidus bacteria.

Yogurt is one of the best probiotic foods with live cultures.   Look for brands made from goat’s milk  that have been infused with extra forms of probitoics such as lactobacillus or acidophilus. Goat’s milk and cheese are particularly high in probiotics like thermophillus, bifudus, bulgaricus and acidophilus. Be sure to read the ingredients list, as not all yogurt is made equally. Many popular brands are filled with fructose corn syrup and artificial sweetners.

Kefir (yeast grain)  very similar to yogurt, this fermented dairy product is a unique combination of goat’s milk and fermented kefir grains. High in live lactobacilli and bifidus bacteria.   Look for a good, organic version at your local health food store or food store organic selections.


Karen Factor, RD, MS, Chairperson of Nutrition Wellness

May 22, 2014

C. diff. infection, Fecal Microbiota Transplantation (FMT): an Introduction

This is the first part “Introduction”  of the article;  “Intestinal Microbiota and the Role of Fecal Microbiota Transplant (FMT) in Treatment of C. difficile Infection,”   

written by Dr. Lawrence L. Brandt, MD

News of Fecal Microbiota Tranplants have been heavily published recently and the information is being found in popular publications worldwide, as this treatment has been proven to resolve the Clostridium difficile infection.     Dr. Brandt’s information in this article is highly recommended and answers questions that the many combating a C. diff. infections have.  

Clostridium Difficile Infection and Fecal Microbiota Transplantation (FMT): Introduction
A perturbed intestinal microbiome has been associated with an increasing number of gastrointestinal and non-gastrointestinal diseases which brings us to C. difficile infection (CDI) and fecal microbiota transplantation (FMT). Fecal microbiota transplant is the term used when stool is taken from a healthy individual and instilled into a sick person to cure a certain disease. As the exact agent or agents that effect cure is currently unknown, the term fecal microbiota transplant (FMT) presently is preferred to fecal bacterial transplantation, or fecal bacteriotherapy; stool transplant is an accurate but unaesthetic term. Work, learn and network with some of today’s top minds in health care management. Learn more about a Health Administration degree program.
Request information now Information from Industry: I’ve already reviewed the very early history of FMT, but FMT also has been used for centuries in veterinary medicine per rectum to treat horses with diarrhea or per os as rumen transfaunation to treat a variety of illness in cattle. Its first clinical use in the English language dates back to a 1958 case series of four patients with pseudomembranous enterocolitis, three of whom were critically ill. C. difficile had not yet been recognized as a cause of pseudomembranous colitis and Micrococcus pyogenes (hemolytic, coagulase-positive Staphylococcus aureus) was cultured from each patient’s stool. Fecal enemas were administered as an adjunct to antibiotic treatment and all four patients had “dramatic” resolution of symptoms within 24–48 h of FMT; the first use of FMT for confirmed recurrent CDI was reported in 1983 by Schwan et al., in a 65-year-old woman who thereafter had “prompt and complete normalization of bowel function”. Up until 1989, retention enemas had been the most common technique for FMT, however, alternative methods of fecal infusion subsequently were developed including nasogastric duodenal tube in 1991, colonoscopy in 2000,and self-administered enemas in 2010. In 2011, a review was reported of 325 cases of FMT performed worldwide, ~75% of which had been administered by colonoscopy or retention enema, and 25% by nasogastric or nasoduodenal tube, or by EGD.Worldwide mean cure rates to date are consistently around 91% and FMT is effective even in patients with the C. difficile NAP1/BI/027 strain. Route does seem to influence results, however, and when FMT is done via upper tract endoscopy, nasogastric, or nasoduodenal tube, resolution rates are in the range of 76–79% Regardless of route, FMT appears to be safe, with no adverse effects or complications directly attributed to the procedure yet published.

Article in its entirety :  http://www.medscape.com/viewarticle/781565_3