C. difficile Prevention; Synthetic Biologics Safe-to-Proceed Under IND to Initiate Clinical Trials of SYN-004

Phase 1a and 1b Trials to Use SYN-004 to Protect Microbiome; Intended to Prevent Overgrowth of Potentially Deadly C. difficile Bacteria

Synthetic Biologics, Inc., a developer of pathogen-specific therapies for serious infections and diseases, with a focus on protecting the microbiome, today announced that its Investigational New Drug (IND) application which was submitted to the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) in October will be proceeding into clinical trials for the development of the Company’s oral beta-lactamase enzyme SYN-004 for the prevention of Clostridium difficile (C. difficile) infection (CDI), antibiotic-associated diarrhea (AAD) and secondary infections with healthcare-acquired, drug-resistant pathogens in patients receiving intravenous (IV) beta-lactam antibiotic therapy. Synthetic Biologics plans to begin Phase 1a and 1b clinical trials shortly, with topline data expected to be reported before year-end.

“We are pleased the FDA completed the 30-day review of our IND and to be initiating clinical trials of the first potential point-of-care preventative therapy for C. difficile, the CDC’s top-ranking public health threat,” said Jeffrey Riley, Chief Executive Officer of Synthetic Biologics. “Taking immediate and aggressive action to develop a therapy that can prevent C. difficile before it starts is critical in addressing this pervasive and life-threatening infection, and IND activation for SYN-004 is a key step toward the development and eventual commercialization of therapy to protect the millions of at risk U.S. patients.”

SYN-004 is Synthetic Biologics’ oral drug candidate designed to be the first and only prophylactic treatment intended to prevent the development of C. difficile infection, by binding with and neutralizing certain common IV beta-lactam antibiotics in the gut. SYN-004 is intended to block the unintended harmful effects of antibiotics within the gastrointestinal (GI) tract, maintaining the natural balance of the bacterial flora (gut microbiome), potentially preventing the 1.1 million C. difficile infectionsii and 30,000 C. difficile-related deathsiii in the U.S. each year.

Synthetic Biologics has met each milestone for its C. difficile program leading up to the IND submission to the agency. Clinical drug manufacturing of SYN-004 under cGMP guidelines to support Synthetic Biologics’ planned Phase 1 and 2 clinical trials was completed on time to support the IND submission and clinical trial initiation. Most recently, the U.S. Patent and Trademark Office issued a Notice of Allowance for the first composition of matter patent application directly pertaining to SYN-004 in the U.S., which carries a patent term to at least 2031.

About Synthetic Biologics, Inc.

Synthetic Biologics, Inc. (NYSE MKT: SYN) is a clinical-stage biotechnology company developing pathogen-specific therapies for serious infections and diseases, with a focus on protecting the microbiome. The Company is developing an oral biologic to protect the gastrointestinal (GI) microflora from the effects of intravenous (IV) antibiotics for the prevention of C. difficile infection, an oral treatment to reduce the impact of methane producing organisms on constipation-predominant irritable bowel syndrome (C-IBS) and a monoclonal antibody combination for the treatment of Pertussis being developed in collaboration with Intrexon Corporation (XON). In addition, the Company is developing a Phase 2 oral estriol drug for the treatment of relapsing-remitting multiple sclerosis (MS) and cognitive dysfunction in MS. For more information, please visit Synthetic Biologics’ website at www.syntheticbiologics.com.

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