Tag Archives: Rebiotix C. difficile RBX2660 study

Contagion® Interview with Ken Blount, PhD Chief Scientific Officer at Rebiotix, a Ferring Company, and Discussed the Phase II Microbiota Based RBX2660 Clinical Trial Results and Plans for Next Steps

OCT 03, 2019 | ALEXANDRA WARD

Contagion Live

To read the interview in its entirety – click on the following link to be redirected:

https://www.contagionlive.com/news/phase-2-results-microbiotabased-rbx2660-safe-efficacious-for-preventing-c-diff-recurrence

Investigators at IDWeek 2019 presented the final, 24-month analysis of data from a phase 2 open-label trial of RBX2660 for the prevention of CDI recurrence. Patients with multi-recurrent CDI were enrolled in the multicenter study and received > 2 doses of RBX2660 delivered via enema 7 days apart.

The research team defined efficacy as absence of CDI recurrence through 56 days after the last dose, and durability as continued absence of CDI episodes beyond 8 weeks. Results were compared with the 8-week recurrence-free rates for a historical control cohort that received standard-of-care antibiotic therapy.

Participant stool samples were collected prior to and for up to 720 days after treatment, and safety and durability assessments were performed at 3, 6 ,12, and 24 months. Investigators assessed microbiome changes via shallow shotgun sequencing.

https://www.contagionlive.com/news/phase-2-results-microbiotabased-rbx2660-safe-efficacious-for-preventing-c-diff-recurrence

Ferring Pharmaceuticals Acquires Rebiotix, Inc.

Ferring acquires innovative biotechnology company and microbiome pioneer Rebiotix Inc.

  • Rebiotix’s RBX2660 is a non-antibiotic treatment in Phase 3 development for the prevention of recurrent Clostridium difficile infection (CDI) and has the potential to be the world’s first approved human microbiome product
  • CDI is one of the most common healthcare-associated infections in the US, affecting more than 500,000 people and causing approximately 29,000 deaths each year.1
  • Ferring’s global capabilities ensure broader patient access to any future approved human microbiome treatments derived from Rebiotix’s Microbiota Restoration Therapy™ (MRT™) drug platform

Saint-Prex, Switzerland & Roseville, MN, US – 05 April, 2018 — Ferring Pharmaceuticals* and Rebiotix Inc.  announce that they have agreed to the acquisition of Rebiotix by Ferring. This acquisition brings together two innovative healthcare companies that share a common commitment to exploring and understanding the human microbiome to develop new solutions for patients.

The most advanced investigational microbiome treatment from Rebiotix is RBX2660, a non-antibiotic treatment currently in Phase 3 development for the prevention of recurrent CDI. RBX2660 has the potential to be the first human microbiome product approved anywhere in the world. In the US, RBX2660 has received FDA Fast Track, Breakthrough Therapy and Orphan Drug Designations, which means the FDA considers it eligible for Expedited Review, once the submission has been made.

“The scientific advances Rebiotix has made add significant strategic value to Ferring’s leadership in gastroenterology,” said Michel Pettigrew, President of the Executive Board and Chief Operating Officer, Ferring Pharmaceuticals. “Therapies targeted towards the microbiome have the potential to transform healthcare. Together, we have a unique opportunity to help people living with debilitating and life-threatening conditions like Clostridium difficile infection.”

Rebiotix’s proprietary MRT drug platform delivers healthy, live, human-derived microbes into the gastrointestinal tract. It provides a standardised, stabilised product that is ready-to-use in an easy-to-administer format. The MRT pipeline consists of a number of investigational treatments including RBX7455, a non-frozen, lyophilised oral capsule formulation, in development for the prevention of recurrent CDI.

“Ferring shares our passion for understanding the role the microbiome plays in human health and has global capabilities that offer huge potential for the investigational therapies that we have in development,” said Lee Jones, Founder, President and Chief Executive Officer, Rebiotix, Inc. “Rebiotix was founded to revolutionise healthcare by harnessing the power of the human microbiome and this is a significant milestone in achieving that goal.”

“This acquisition strengthens our innovation pipeline and complements our own ongoing microbiome research as well as our partnerships with world-leading organisations in this area,” said Per Falk, Chief Science Officer, Ferring Pharmaceuticals. “Rebiotix’s culture and passion for high quality, innovative research fits with our own and complements our existing R&D capabilities.”

In addition to the acquisition of Rebiotix, Ferring, as a leader in gastroenterology, is supported by ongoing partnerships with world-leading research organisations in the field of microbiome research including the Karolinska Institutet and Science for Life Laboratory, the Centre for Translational Microbiome Research, Intralytix, The Institut Pasteur, the University of Lille, MyBiotics Pharma, March of Dimes and Metabogen.


About Ferring Pharmaceuticals

Ferring Pharmaceuticals is a research-driven, specialty biopharmaceutical group committed to helping people around the world build families and live better lives. Headquartered in Saint-Prex, Switzerland, Ferring is a leader in reproductive medicine and women’s health, and in specialty areas within gastroenterology and urology. Ferring has been developing treatments for mothers and babies for over 50 years. Today, over one third of the company’s research and development investment goes towards finding innovative and personalised healthcare solutions to help mothers and babies, from conception to birth. Founded in 1950, Ferring now employs approximately 6,500 people worldwide, has its own operating subsidiaries in nearly 60 countries and markets its products in 110 countries.

Learn more at www.ferring.com, or connect with us on Twitter, Facebook, Instagram, LinkedIn and YouTube.

About Rebiotix Inc.

Rebiotix Inc. is a late-stage clinical microbiome company focused on harnessing the power of the human microbiome to revolutionise the treatment of challenging diseases. Rebiotix possesses a deep and diverse clinical pipeline targeting several other disease states with drug products built on its pioneering MRT platform. The MRT platform is a standardised, stabilised drug technology that is designed to rehabilitate the human microbiome by delivering a broad consortium of live microbes into a patient’s intestinal tract via a ready-to-use and easy-to-administer format. For more information on Rebiotix and its pipeline of human microbiome-directed therapies, visit www.rebiotix.com.

About RBX2660

RBX2660 is the most advanced product utilising Rebiotix’s proprietary MRT drug platform. RBX2660 is in Phase 3 development for the prevention of recurrent CDI and has the potential to be the first human microbiome product approved anywhere in the world. It consists of a microbiota suspension of intestinal microbes and is administered via enema.

*Ferring Holding Inc. signed the agreement as part of Ferring Pharmaceuticals Group

Rebiotix In Partnership With BioRankings® Develops Microbiome Health Index™ (MHI™) to Identify Indicators for Microbiome Restoration

Rebiotix Inc., a clinical-stage microbiome company focused on harnessing the power of the human microbiome to treat debilitating diseases, announced  on February 12, 2018 — the development of the Microbiome Health Index™ (MHI™) to provide the microbiome research community with a standardized metric to quantify the rehabilitation of the human microbiome.

MHI was established in partnership with data analytics firm, BioRankings®, to enable a non-biased comparison of the efficacy of microbiome-based therapeutics.

New MHI data will be presented at the 28th European Congress of Clinical Microbiology and Infectious Diseases (ECCMID 2018) in April.

“In developing the Microbiome Health Index, our aim is to provide an objective, universal tool to measure the restoration of a dysbiotic microbiome across different trial designs, sequencing methods and across multiple drug technologies,” stated Ken F. Blount, Ph.D., Chief Scientific Officer of Rebiotix.  “Initial analyses using MHI in Clostridium difficile (C. diff) infections have demonstrated its significant potential to quantify and differentiate dysbiotic from healthier microbiomes.  As presented at ACG2017, MHI was able to quantify the relationship between four key bacterial classes into a single metric that can distinguish patients with dysbiosis resulting from C. diff. From this, we were able to gain valuable insight into the mechanism of action by which Rebiotix’s Phase 3 microbiota drug, RBX2660, is able to rehabilitate a dysbiotic microbiome to a healthier state.”

Blount continued, “MHI is now being employed to analyze microbiome profile data gathered in the ongoing Phase 1 clinical trial of RBX7455, Rebiotix’s lyophilized, non-frozen oral capsule formulation. The intent with this research is to further strengthen and refine MHI and confirm the RBX2660 analysis. Additionally, we will look to utilize MHI in new diseases states being studied.”

Bill Shannon, Ph.D., MBA, Co-Founder and Managing Partner of Analytics at BioRankings said, “The human microbiome is a new frontier where very little analytical methodology or rigorous statistical methods have been developed specifically for this type of data.  Analytical tools such as MHI will be critical to advance translational clinical microbiome research, and we are emboldened by the MHI data that have been reported and continuing to be collected.  Our vision is for MHI to become a standard measure for microbiome research, potentially serving as a validated endpoint for clinical trials and providing both a predictive measure and actionable data.”

MHI provides a unidimensional expression of changes in four taxonomic classes known to have relevance to microbiome health and colonization resistance – Bacteriodia, Clostridia, Gammaproteobacteria and Bacilli.

Utilizing microbiome profiles of patients from the PUNCH CD2 Phase 2b trial of RBX2660, researchers determined that MHI can effectively distinguish patients with dysbiosis from healthier patients, as defined by the RBX2660 product profile and the Human Microbiome Project.  Notably following RBX2660 treatment, MHI significantly increased as early as seven days in responders compared to baseline and continued to increase at day 30 and day 60.

About BioRankings®

BioRankings is a contract analytics firm that works with clients to extract actionable results from their data. Their business philosophy centers on providing clients and partners with the methods, software, and support they need to make full use of their data and design accurate, cost-efficient experiments.  For more information on BioRankings, please visit http://www.biorankings.com.

About Rebiotix Inc.

Rebiotix Inc. is a late-stage clinical microbiome company focused on harnessing the power of the human microbiome to revolutionize the treatment of challenging diseases. Rebiotix possesses a deep and diverse clinical pipeline, with its lead drug candidate, RBX2660, in Phase 3 clinical development for the prevention of recurrent Clostridium difficile (C. diff) infection.  RBX2660 has been granted Fast Track status, Orphan Drug and Breakthrough Therapy designation from the FDA for its potential to prevent recurrent C. diff. infection. Rebiotix’s clinical pipeline also features RBX7455, a lyophilized, non-frozen, oral capsule formulation, which is currently the subject of an investigator-sponsored Phase 1 trial for the prevention of recurrent C. diff. infection.  In addition, Rebiotix is targeting several other disease states with drug products built on its pioneering Microbiota Restoration Therapy™ (MRT™) platform.  MRT is a standardized, stabilized drug technology that is designed to rehabilitate the human microbiome by delivering a broad consortium of live microbes into a patient’s intestinal tract via a ready-to-use and easy-to-administer format. For more information on Rebiotix and its pipeline of human microbiome-directed therapies, visit http://www.rebiotix.com.

Rebiotix Announces Expansion of Phase 1 Study For Prevention of Recurrent C.diff. Infection Oral Capsule Microbiota Product RBX7455

Rebiotix Announces Expansion of Phase 1 Trial of the Company’s Oral
Capsule Microbiota Product, RBX7455, Following Successful Completion of
Initial Study Arms

Additional cohorts to examine potential of reduced dosing regimens of RBX7455 for the prevention of recurrent Clostridium difficile infection

Rebiotix Inc., a clinical-stage microbiome company
focused on harnessing the power of the human microbiome to treat challenging diseases, announced on November 30, 2017
an expansion of the investigator sponsored Phase 1 study of RBX7455 for the prevention of  recurrent Clostridium difficile (C. diff.) infection. The expansion follows the successful completion of the study’s two initial cohorts and is intended to explore reduced dosing regimens of RBX7455 in two new treatment arms. RBX7455 is a lyophilized, non-frozen oral capsule formulation of Rebiotix’s Microbiota Restoration Therapy™ (MRT), a standardized, stabilized drug technology that is designed to rehabilitate the human microbiome by delivering a broad spectrum of live microbes into a patient’s  intestinal tract via a ready-to-use and easy-to-administer format.
“Expansion of the Phase 1 study is a key advancement in the development of RBX7455 as it provides an opportunity to explore the potential efficacy of reduced dosing regimens of our oral capsule product in the prevention of recurrent C. diff. infection,” stated Lee Jones, president and CEO of Rebiotix. “RBX7455 is a ground-breaking product in that its oral capsule design is the first in the microbiome industry not requiring storage in frozen conditions. As such, patients are able to administer RBX7455 at home as they would a typical oral capsule medication, which potentially makes RBX7455 ideally suited for diseases where chronic or repeat dosing is required.”
The Phase 1 study of RBX7455 is an investigator sponsored, prospective, single center, proof of concept dosing study of RBX7455 for the prevention of recurrent C. diff. infection. The first two arms enrolled 10 patients per arm (20 total). The expansion of the Phase 1 study adds two additional arms, which will enroll approximately 10 patients per arm (20 total) with reduced dosing regimens from the 2
first two arms. Rebiotix expects data from the first two cohorts of the Phase 1 study of RBX7455 to be released publicly by mid-2018.
In addition to the expanded Phase 1 study of RBX7455, Rebiotix’s clinical development pipeline is highlighted by the company’s ongoing Phase 3 clinical trial of RBX2660 for the prevention of recurrent C. diff. infection. RBX2660 is the first and only microbiome drug to be tested in three separate Phase 2 trials, with more than 300 subjects having been treated with the microbial therapy.
Recently, Rebiotix announced the presentation of research from the RBX2660 Phase 2 program demonstrating measurable evidence of the drug’s rehabilitative effect on the human microbiome and the potential advantages of its broad consortia design.
Ms. Jones continued, “We look forward to the continued progress of the RBX7455 Phase 1 study as well as our Phase 3 study of RBX2660, our lead microbiome drug candidate. Importantly, since both drugs were developed with our MRT platform, we can leverage knowledge from the extensive RBX2660 clinical program, as well as research into the drug’s rehabilitative impact on the gut microbiome, to inform and expedite the development of RBX7455.”
About Rebiotix Inc.
Rebiotix Inc. is a late-stage clinical microbiome company focused on harnessing the power of the human microbiome to revolutionize the treatment of challenging diseases. Rebiotix possesses a deep and diverse clinical pipeline, with its lead drug candidate, RBX2660, in Phase 3 clinical development for the prevention of recurrent Clostridium difficile (C. diff.) infection. RBX2660 has been granted Fast Track status, Orphan Drug and Breakthrough Therapy designation from the FDA for its potential to prevent recurrent C. diff. infection.
Rebiotix’s clinical pipeline also features RBX7455, a lyophilized nonfrozen,
oral capsule formulation, which is currently the subject of an investigator-sponsored Phase 1 trial for the prevention of recurrent C. diff. infection. In addition, Rebiotix is targeting several other disease states with drug products built on its pioneering Microbiota Restoration TherapyTM (MRT) platform.
MRT is a standardized, stabilized drug technology that is designed to rehabilitate the human microbiome by delivering a broad consortium of live microbes into a patient’s intestinal tract via a ready – to-use and easy-to-administer format. For more information on Rebiotix and its pipeline of human microbiome-directed therapies, visit www.rebiotix.com

Rebiotix Reports Topline Results From a Controlled Open-label Phase 2 Trial of RBX2660 (PUNCH™ Open Label) For the Prevention of Recurrent Clostridium difficile (C. diff.) Infection (rCDI)

In The News

April 2017

 

 

Rebiotix Inc., a clinical-stage microbiome company focused on harnessing the power of the human microbiome to treat challenging diseases, today announced topline results from a controlled open-label Phase 2 trial of RBX2660 (PUNCH™ Open Label) for the prevention of recurrent Clostridium difficile (C. diff.) infection.

Data indicated that RBX2660 was well-tolerated and achieved the primary efficacy endpoint of preventing C. diff. recurrence; patients treated with RBX2660 exhibited a treatment success rate of 78.8% compared with a historical control of 51.8% (p<0.0001). RBX2660 is a broad-spectrum microbiota suspension that is designed to rehabilitate the human microbiome by delivering live microbes into a patient’s intestinal tract to treat disease.

Lee Jones, president and CEO of Rebiotix, stated, “The 78.8% treatment success achieved in this open label Phase 2 trial demonstrates the potential of RBX2660, a broad spectrum microbiota drug product, to rehabilitate the gut microbiome and break the cycle of C. diff. recurrence. These results, coupled with the safety and efficacy data observed in our prior Phase 2b and Phase 2 clinical trials, position Rebiotix to advance RBX2660 into Phase 3 clinical development, solidifying our standing as the most clinically advanced microbiome company in the industry.”

PUNCH™ Open Label was designed as a prospective, multicenter, open-label, controlled Phase 2 study to assess the efficacy and safety of RBX2660 for the prevention of recurrent C. diff.

The primary efficacy endpoint involved a comparison of patients treated with RBX2660 to a closely matched set of antibiotic only treated historical controls through 56 days. There were 31 active treatment sites and four control sites in the US and Canada. 132 RBX2660 and 110 historical control subjects were included in this topline analysis.

Actively treated patients, after determining eligibility, were administered two doses of RBX2660; the first at day one and the second at day seven. Patients were then monitored for eight weeks to determine whether there was a recurrence of C. diff.

Top line results from the trial, which examined responses from 132 patients versus a historical control of 110 patients, indicated a treatment success rate of 78.8% as compared to a historical control of 51.8% (p<0.0001). Overall, RBX2660 was generally well-tolerated with the most commonly reported adverse events being gastrointestinal, including diarrhea, abdominal pain, flatulence, constipation and distension.


About Rebiotix Inc.

Rebiotix Inc. is a clinical-stage microbiome company focused on harnessing the power of the human microbiome to revolutionize the treatment of challenging diseases. Rebiotix is the most clinically advanced microbiome company in the industry, with its lead drug candidate, RBX2660, expected to enter Phase 3 clinical development for the prevention of recurrent Clostridium difficile (C. diff.) infection. Previously, RBX2660 was the subject of three Phase 2 trials in recurrent C. diff, including a Phase 2b randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial (PUNCH™ CD2), with data indicating the drug was well-tolerated and demonstrated statistically significant treatment efficacy. RBX2660 has been granted Orphan Drug status, Fast Track status and Breakthrough Therapy Designation from the FDA for its potential to prevent recurrent C. diff. infection.

Rebiotix’s development pipeline includes multiple formulations targeting several disease indications and is built around its pioneering Microbiota Restoration Therapy (MRT) platform. MRT is a standardized, stabilized drug technology that is designed to rehabilitate the human microbiome by delivering a broad spectrum of live microbes into a patient’s intestinal tract via a ready-to-use and easy-to-administer format.

For More Information About C. difficile Clinical Trials In Progress : 

https://cdifffoundation.org/clinical-trials-2/

 

For more information on Rebiotix and its pipeline of human microbiome-directed therapies, visit www.rebiotix.com

 

Source:  Rebiotix 4/17

Rebiotix Is Issued U.S. Patent For Its Patent Application Entitled “Microbiota Restoration Therapy (MRT) Compositions and Methods Of Manufacture”

Rebiotix Inc., a clinical-stage biotechnology company focused on harnessing the power of the human microbiome to treat challenging diseases,  announced on October 11, 2016 that the United States Patent and Trademark Office (USPTO) has issued U.S. Patent No. 9,433,651 to Rebiotix for its patent application entitled, “Microbiota Restoration Therapy (MRT), Compositions and Methods of Manufacture.” The patent covers Microbiota Restoration Therapy (MRT) compositions and methods for manufacturing, processing and delivering the compositions, and builds on Rebiotix’s patent issuances in Australia and Canada.

MRT is a standardized, stabilized drug technology that is designed to rehabilitate the human microbiome by delivering a broad spectrum of live microbes into a patient’s intestinal tract via a readyto-use and easy-to-administer format. The patented technology is based on ground-breaking work that provides an avenue for the treatment of a variety of diseases including Clostridium difficile (C.diff), ulcerative colitis, hepatic encephalopathy and multi-drug resistant organisms.

“This patent covering our MRT platform is a significant addition to Rebiotix’s IP estate as we continue to advance our industry-leading pipeline of microbiome-directed drug therapies, including RBX2660, our Phase 3-ready drug candidate,” stated Lee Jones, Chief Executive Officer of Rebiotix. “Rebiotix has established one of the deepest IP portfolios in the microbiome industry covering an array of subjects, from formulation and storage to delivery and disease targets, that we believe are key to the eventual commercialization of microbiota-based therapeutics.”

https://cdifffoundation.org/clinical-trials-2/

 

About Rebiotix Inc.

Rebiotix Inc. is a clinical-stage biotechnology company focused on harnessing the power of the human microbiome to revolutionize the treatment of challenging diseases. Rebiotix is the most clinically advanced microbiome company in the industry, with its Phase 3-ready drug candidate, RBX2660, having successfully completed a Phase 2b randomized, double-blind, placebo controlled trial as a potential treatment for recurrent Clostridium difficile infection (PUNCH™ CD2). RBX2660 has been granted Orphan Drug status, Fast Track status and Breakthrough Therapy Designation from the FDA for its potential to treat recurrent C. diff. infection.

Rebiotix’s development pipeline includes multiple formulations targeting several disease indications and is built around its pioneering Microbiota Restoration Therapy (MRT) platform. MRT is a standardized, stabilized drug technology that is designed to rehabilitate the human microbiome by delivering a broad spectrum of live microbes into a patient’s intestinal tract via a ready-to-use and easy-to-administer format. For more information on Rebiotix and its pipeline of human microbiome-directed therapies, visit www.rebiotix.com.

source:  Rebiotix

Microbiome – C. diff. Treatments On The Horizon

NewsUpdate

 

 

 

PROBIOTICS:

Pick a disease or disorder, and somebody, somewhere, has said that a probiotic supplement—an over-the-counter, unregulated pill usually filled with a single strain of friendly gut bacteria—might cure it, whether it’s cancer, obsessive-compulsive disorder, or a yeast infection.

But there’s very little evidence that probiotic supplements do any good. “There’s a lot of promise here but not a lot of proof yet,” said Cliff McDonald, associate director for science at the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention’s Division of Healthcare Quality Promotion.

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CDC Reports:

Half a million people a year are infected with C. diff in the U.S., the CDC estimates, with 29,000 annual deaths related to the diarrheic bacterium. More than 65 percent of C. diff infections involve exposure in a health-care facility, according to a 2015 study, creating more than $4.8 billion in excess health-care costs at acute-care facilities alone.

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C. diff. Treatments On The Horizon:

To Learn More About ALL C. diff. Clinical Trials In Progress Click On The Following Link:

https://cdifffoundation.org/clinical-trials-2/

 

Seres Therapeutics, a microbiome-based biopharmaceutical company in Cambridge, Mass., is developing a pill, subject to a rigorous approval process under the Food and Drug Administration, to tackle recurrent Clostridium difficile. (The digestive system’s microbiome is the community of healthy gut bacteria that normally reside in the body.)

Seres aims to put the science behind a proven treatment of recurrent C. diff, fecal transplants, in a pill, which wouldn’t require a colonoscopy. Like probiotic supplements, it’s a gut bacteria product. Unlike the supplements, by the time it’s available it will have gone through the FDA wringer. It will contain about 50 strains of bacteria proven effective in treating C. diff and will require a doctor’s prescription.

Recurrent C. diff is an obvious entry point for Seres, said Chief Executive Officer Roger Pomerantz. “We asked, what is the lowest-hanging fruit?” But it’s hardly the end. The company has built a microbiome library of 14,000 strains of human bacteria it hopes will help it treat a range of diseases, eventually without needing feces at all.   Seres has embarked on the research with some pretty lofty goals, including finding treatments for obesity, liver disease, and cancer. It has partnerships with Massachusetts General Hospital, the Mayo Clinic, Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center, and other respected medical institutions.  “We will figure out exactly what’s wrong with the microbiome, design a drug, and then pull the organisms out with our library, never touching a human donation,” Pomerantz said.    Seres’s lead product candidate, SER-109, will treat recurrent C. diff with four capsules taken orally instead of with transplants. While fecal matter is the raw material for the pills, the final product consists only of the spores necessary to treat the infection, which will have been extracted and purified.  SER-109 is expected to become the first oral microbiome therapy approved by the FDA, though Seres declined to predict exactly when it will arrive. Results from the latest trials are due by midyear, and Phase 3 trials are scheduled to follow later in the year. Seres hopes to follow up quickly with SER-287, a drug to treat ulcerative colitis, which could be the first microbiome drug to treat a chronic disease, and SER-262, to treat primary C. diff before it turns into the recurrent kind.

Other companies are racing to collect enough data for FDA approval, but right now Seres, which is publicly traded, looks to be the one to beat. “Seres is probably going to be the first one that’s going to knock at the FDA’s door,” said Mohan Iyer, chief business officer at Second Genome, a microbiome company studying how to treat disease with the compounds produced by gut bacteria instead of the gut bacteria themselves.

“SER-109 is poised to be first-in-class among fecal microbiota transplant-derived drugs,” Joseph Schwartz, an analyst at Leerink Partners, wrote in a May report. The report says the latest trial results “wowed the Street” but warns that the company could still be held back by “disappointing clinical data” and obstacles in the regulatory process.

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Another top contender is Rebiotix. Its RBX2660 is also designed to treat recurrent C. diff but, unlike SER-109, is administered with an enema; an oral version is in development. The treatment also differs significantly from Seres’s in formulation, including thousands of kinds of microbes from the donor’s stool, compared with SER-109’s 50 or so, as many as could be preserved and some of which haven’t even been identified.

“We make sure we have a minimum concentration of certain kinds that we know the patients lack,” CEO Lee Jones said. “But we don’t identify all of them. There’s no way to do that.” A recent study estimated that 1014 bacteria are in the human gut, most of which have never been isolated. Jones said the drug could hit the market by 2018.

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  • UPDATES:

The medications have been shown to be similarly effective—with no C. diff-associated diarrhea for 29 of 30 of Seres’s patients  and  27 of 31 of Rebiotix’s, in the companies’ latest results—and equally safe. Adverse reactions for both are limited to such problems as moderate diarrhea and abdominal cramping, which could be from the C. diff itself. Both have been designated as “breakthrough therapies” by the FDA, allowing for an expedited approval process, and both are likely soon to provide an at-home alternative to fecal transplants.

#####

Point Of View:

“I don’t know who is going to make it across the line first,” said Gail Hecht, director of gastroenterology and nutrition at Loyola University Medical Center and chairwoman of the American Gastroenterological Association for Gut Microbiome Research & Education. Hecht has attended a Seres advisory board meeting but doesn’t have a financial interest in the company. “It is indeed a race,” she said.

Seres does have at least one distinct market advantage. “Patients have different preferences,” Hecht observes, but “in general, people don’t particularly like enemas.”

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Human Fecal Transplants:

For nearly two thousand years, doctors have looked to this unlikeliest of places for medicine. One of the earliest documented applications is from the fourth-century Chinese medical doctor Ge Hong, whose “yellow soup” recipe to treat diarrhea included a healthy person’s dried or fermented feces. Sixteen hundred years later, in 1958, patients infected with C. diff received the first known human fecal transplants.

Stool Bank Information: 

Today the effectiveness of fecal transplants (formally known as fecal microbiota transplants) to treat recurrent C. diff is supported by a long list of studies, with researchers attributing the results to the restoration of the microbiome. OpenBiome, a nonprofit stool bank, shipped 1,828 treatments in 2014, a number that ballooned to 7,140 treatments in 2015 and looks to be eclipsed this year, with 4,323 treatments shipped to its clinical partners through May 31. And these numbers don’t take into account the transplants performed through directed fecal donations.

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To read article in its entirety:

http://www.bloomberg.com/news/articles/2016-06-30/coming-soon-gut-bacteria-that-actually-cure-your-disease