Pediatric C. diff. infections linked with antibiotic use

According to the latest report published by the Center of Disease Control and Prevention, it  urges Physicians to improve on prescribing antibiotics, in an outpatient setting, to reduce harm in the pediatric population.

In a new study it showed that 71 percent of the cases of C. difficile infection identified among children aged 1 through 17 years were community-associated—that is, not associated with an overnight stay in a healthcare facility.  By contrast, two-thirds of C. difficile infections in adults are associated with hospital stays.

“Among the community-associated pediatric cases whose parents were interviewed, 73 percent were prescribed antibiotics during the 12 weeks prior to their illness, usually in an outpatient setting such as a doctor’s office.  Most of the children who received antibiotics were being treated for ear, sinus, or upper respiratory infections. Previous studies show that at least 50 percent of antibiotics prescribed in doctor’s offices for children are for respiratory infections, most of which do not require antibiotics.”

A statement from the CDC Director; Dr. Tom Frieden, M.D., M.P.H.,  “Improved antibiotic prescribing is critical to protect the health of our nation’s children,”  “When antibiotics are prescribed incorrectly, our children are needlessly put at risk for health problems including C. difficile infection and dangerous antibiotic resistant infections.”

To read the report in its’ entirety please click on the following link:

http://www.cdc.gov/media/releases/2014/p0307-severe-diarrheal-illness.html

Also the published January 2014 study in Pediatrics – Journal of the Academy of Pediatrics

http://pediatrics.aappublications.org/content/early/2014/02/25/peds.2013-3049