Tag Archives: Prevention of Recurrent Clostridium difficile Infection

Study Assessed Bezlotoxumab Cost Effectiveness Added To Standard of Care to Prevent rCDI In High-risk Patients From the Spanish National Health System

Abstract

Introduction

Clostridium difficile infection (CDI) is the major cause of infectious nosocomial diarrhoea and is associated with considerable morbidity, mortality and economic impact. Bezlotoxumab administered in combination with standard of care (SoC) antibiotic therapy prevents recurrent CDI.

This study assessed the cost-effectiveness of bezlotoxumab added to SoC, compared to SoC alone, to prevent the recurrence of CDI in high-risk patients from the Spanish National Health System perspective.

Methods

A Markov model was used to simulate the natural history of CDI over a lifetime horizon in five populations of patients at high risk of CDI recurrence according to MODIFY trials: (1) ≥ 65 years old; (2) severe CDI; (3) immunocompromised; (4) ≥ 1 CDI episode in the previous 6 months; and (5) ≥ 65 years old and with ≥ 1 CDI episode in the previous 6 months. The incremental cost-effectiveness ratio (ICER) expressed as cost per quality-adjusted life-year (QALY) gained was calculated. Deterministic (DSA) and probabilistic sensitivity analyses (PSA) were performed.

Results

In all patient populations (from 1 to 5), bezlotoxumab added to SoC reduced CDI recurrence compared to SoC alone by 26.4, 19.5, 21.2, 26.6 and 39.7%, respectively. The resulting ICERs for the respective subgroups were €12,724, €17,495, €9545, €7386, and €4378. The model parameters with highest impact on the ICER were recurrence rate (first), mortality, and utility values. The probability that bezlotoxumab was cost-effective at a willingness-to-pay threshold of €21,000/QALY was 85.5%, 54.1%, 86.0%, 94.5%, 99.6%, respectively.

Conclusion

The results suggest that bezlotoxumab added to SoC compared to SoC alone is a cost-effective treatment to prevent the recurrence of CDI in high-risk patients. The influence of changes in model parameters on DSA results was higher in patients  ≥ 65 years old, with severe CDI and immunocompromised. Additionally, PSA estimated that the probability of cost-effectiveness exceeded 85% in most subgroups.

To review article in its entirety, please click on the following link:

https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s12325-018-0813-y

First Patient Is Enrolled In Rebiotix Phase 3 Clinical Trial of RBX2660 For the Prevention of Recurrent C. difficile Infection

REBIOTIX

 

Phase 3 Clinical Trial of RBX2660 for the Prevention of

Recurrent Clostridium difficile Infection

Phase 3 Initiation Advances Development of Lead Microbiome-based Drug, RBX2660, Following Completion of Three Separate Phase 2 Trials

Rebiotix Inc., a clinical-stage microbiome company focused on harnessing the power of the human microbiome to treat challenging diseases, announced today that it has enrolled the first patient in a Phase 3 clinical trial of RBX2660 for the prevention of recurrent Clostridium difficile (C. diff) infection.

RBX2660 is Rebiotix’s most clinically advanced drug product developed from the company’s Microbiota Restoration Therapy™ (MRT) platform. MRT is a standardized, stabilized drug technology that is designed to deliver a broad consortium of spore and non-spore forming microbes into a patient’s intestinal tract to restore a dysbiotic gut to a healthier state.

The randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled Phase 3 clinical trial will evaluate the efficacy and safety of RBX2660 for the prevention of recurrent Clostridium difficile (C. diff) infection. The primary endpoint of the trial compares the proportion of subjects with treatment success following a blinded treatment with RBX2660 compared to the blinded placebo arm. Treatment success is defined as preventing recurrent C. diff infection for eight weeks. The multicenter Phase 3 clinical trial of RBX2660 will be conducted in the United States and Canada and is designed to support a Biologics License Application (BLA) with the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA).

“Patients with debilitating, recurrent C. diff need solutions. We plan to continue our strong momentum generated by our Phase 2 results in this Phase 3 trial as we seek to advance RBX2660 toward registration and potential approval so patients have an option for this unmet medical need,” said Ms. Lee Jones, President and CEO of Rebiotix. “Initiating the Phase 3 clinical study of RBX2660 is a significant milestone for Rebiotix and showcases the potential of our Microbiota Restoration Therapy™ (MRT) platform to enable the development of microbiome-directed drug products.”

“It’s exciting to see RBX2660 begin a Phase 3 trial for recurrent C. diff infection,” said Dale Gerding, MD, MACP, FIDSA, Professor of Medicine at Loyola University Chicago and Chief Medical Officer of Rebiotix. “This disease is especially challenging to treat and having this microbial therapy available to physicians could dramatically change how we manage the vexing problem of recurrences of this leading healthcare-associated infection.”

RBX2660 is the first drug product in clinical study from the Microbiota Restoration Therapy (MRT) platform The initiation of the Phase 3 clinical trial follows a Phase 2 program that evaluated the safety and efficacy of RBX2660 for the prevention of recurrent C. diff infection. The Phase 2 program consisted of three separate Phase 2 studies, including a randomized, double-blind, placebo controlled Phase 2b trial. The drug has been tested in approximately 300 patients with many followed to 24 months post treatment. Rebiotix is also advancing RBX7455, a lyophilized, room-temperature stable, oral capsule formulation of its MRT technology in an investigator sponsored Phase 1 study

For more information on Rebiotix and its pipeline of human microbiome directed therapies, visit

www.rebiotix.com.

C. diff. Prevention of Recurrent C. diff. Infection (RCDI), Seres Therapeutics Announces Achievement of Target Enrollment of SER-109 Phase 2 Study

In The News: May 2, 2016

Seres Therapeutics Announces Achievement of Target Enrollment of SER-109 Phase 2 Study for the Prevention of Recurrent Clostridium difficile Infection

Phase 2 data expected in mid-2016

New SER-109 Expanded Access Program initiated at Phase 2 clinical sites

Seres Therapeutics, Inc.  a leading microbiome therapeutics platform company, announced that the target enrollment of 87 patients has been achieved for its ongoing SER-109 Phase 2 clinical study.

SER-109 is an oral, potential first-in-field microbiome therapeutic that has been granted Orphan Drug and Breakthrough Therapy designations by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA), and is being investigated for use in preventing recurrent Clostridium difficile infection (CDI).

“We are pleased to reach this important milestone in our ongoing development of SER-109, which has the potential to be the first therapy for C. difficile infection to treat the underlying cause of this disease, and the first microbiome drug for a human disease. This is the first placebo controlled trial for patients with multiply-recurrent CDI,” said Roger Pomerantz, M.D., Chairman, President, and CEO of Seres. “C. difficile infection is an extremely serious condition responsible for approximately 29,000 deaths each year in the United States alone. We are moving with urgency to develop SER-109 as quickly and safely as possible. We expect initial results of the Phase 2 study in the middle of this year, and we plan to initiate a Phase 3 study later in 2016.”

The SER-109 Phase 2 study (ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT02437487) is a multicenter, randomized, placebo-controlled study being conducted at approximately 40 centers across the U.S. The current study builds on a completed, successful Phase 1b/2 trial, which demonstrated that 87 percent of patients (26 of 30) met the predefined endpoint of preventing recurrent CDI within eight weeks following administration of SER-109. In that study 97 percent of patients (29 of 30) achieved a clinical cure during the eight-week period after SER-109 dosing, as defined by the absence of CDI requiring antibiotic treatment. Results from the Phase 1b/2 have been published in The Journal of Infectious Disease.1

The Company has initiated a SER-109 Expanded Access Program at selected sites participating in the ongoing Phase 2 study. The Expanded Access Program will enable eligible patients with multiply-recurrent CDI to have continued access to SER-109. Furthermore, maintaining Phase 2 study sites open ahead of the anticipated start of the Phase 3 study expected to support and augment Phase 3 study execution and enrollment.

About Seres Therapeutics
Seres Therapeutics, Inc. is a leading microbiome therapeutics platform company developing a novel class of biological drugs that are designed to treat disease by restoring the function of a dysbiotic microbiome, where the natural state of bacterial diversity and function is imbalanced. Seres’ most advanced program, SER-109, has successfully completed a Phase 1b/2 study demonstrating a clinical benefit in patients with recurring Clostridium difficile infection (CDI) and is currently being evaluated in a Phase 2 study in recurring CDI. The FDA has granted SER-109 Orphan Drug, as well as Breakthrough Therapy, designations. Seres’ second clinical candidate, SER-287, is being evaluated in a Phase 1b study in patients with mild-to-moderate ulcerative colitis (UC). For more information, please visit www.serestherapeutics.com. Follow us on Twitter @SeresTx.

TO READ THE ARTICLE IN ITS ENTIRETY CLICK ON THE LINK BELOW:

http://ir.serestherapeutics.com/phoenix.zhtml?c=254006&p=irol-newsArticle&ID=2163658

Reference

1. Khanna S. et al., A novel microbiome therapeutic increases gut microbial diversity and prevents recurrent Clostridium difficile infection, Journal of Infectious Disease, 2016.

Note:  The C Diff Foundation does not endorse this product, or any product, and shares this article strictly for informational purposes.